Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism)
Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism) is a condition in which the body does not manufacture less testosterone. Testosterone is a steroid hormone that handles the development of the male reproductive organs. They help sustain the body mass, standardize sperm development and boost energy. It helps men to build protein, correct performance of the liver. Production of blood cells and help with the digestion system.
Testosterone is what is in charge of man’s sexual drive.
Testosterone declines with age. It is believed that thirty five percent of men who are forty-five and older are affected by this condition. Men who are eighty years and older have low testosterone.
Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism) causes impotence, depression, fatigue, excess body fat and osteoporosis. Women and men produce testosterone, but men produce ten times more. That is why men are more masculine and have high energy compared to women.
There are two types of Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism)
Primary Hypogonadism. This type originates from the testicles. It means that the testicles cannot produce enough testosterone.
Central/ secondary Hypogonadism. The problem here originates from the brain. The testicles are healthy. Hypothalamus or the pituitary gland handles the production of the testosterone. If there is an issue with the brain, it affects the production of testosterone.
Symptoms of Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism)
- Low sex drive
- Low concentration
- Loss of hair
- Erectile dysfunction
- Hot flashes
- Obesity and excess body fat
- Development of breasts
- Loss of muscle mass
Causes of Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism)
- Injury to the testicles. Any damage to the testicles affects the level of testosterone
- Klinefelter’s Syndrome. This condition results from a congenital abnormality of the sex chromosomes, X and Y. A male regularly has one X and one Y chromosome. In Klinefelter’s disorder, there are two or more X chromosomes. The extra X chromosome causes the anomalous development of the testicles. This in turn leads to less production of Testosterone
- Undescended testicles. After birth, the testicles moves down to the scrotum. In some instances, the one or both testicles mat not descend. This may cause malfunction of the testicles and lessened testosterone production if not corrected during the early years
- Mumps orchitis. Testicles are damaged if there was a mumps infection affecting them
- Hemochromatosis. Excessive iron in blood may cause harm to the testicles reducing its testosterone generation
- Cancer treatment. Chemotherapy or radiation can affect the testicles. It interferes with sperm production. In some cases, permanent infertility can happen
- Kallmann syndrome. Anomalous development of the hypothalamus affects testosterone level
- Pituitary disorders. Impaired pituitary glands affect the release of hormones to the testicle therefore affecting testosterone levels
- Normal aging. As men continue to age, the level of testosterone production reduces. Old men typically have reduced sex drive
- HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS influences the hypothalamus, the pituitary, and the testes causing low testosterone production
- Medications. Some drugs and hormones affect the testosterone production
Diagnosis and Treatment
Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism) can be treated. A doctor will run test and know what the problem is. He will give you the right prescription. Some patients may require surgery or Hormone replacements.