As a matter of fact, stomach upsets and gastrointestinal tract disorders are not so rare and from time to time may happen even to people with excellent health. And very often diarrhea comes about as the result of these kinds of misfortunes. Contingently, two sorts of it may be told apart: watery diarrhea and diarrhea with blood. In the first case one has copious loose stool and, as the result of that, body quickly loses water and valuable microelements. Dehydration itself can be pretty dangerous if not stopped. The most often causes of diarrhea are:

  • acute intestinal infection;
  • allergy to some medical drugs;
  • viral and bacterial enteric infections;
  • individual food allergies;
  • stress and emotional disorders.

Watery diarrhea

DiarrheaIn hot weather diarrhea occurs more often. That happens because bacteria become extra active in suitable temperature conditions. Chronic watery diarrhea may also be induced by some sorts of helminthes (Giardia, for example).

The main danger during a prolonged loose stool is dehydration which can be very harmful, especially to children. So, if a child suffers from watery diarrhea, it requires taking prompt measures to restore and maintain the water balance of the body.

Some bacteria that cause diarrhea are resistant to high temperature For example, Staphylococcus, which may be found in meat, milk and some other food products, is able to survive even during boiling. Because of stomach and small intestine lesions such symptoms as nausea and vomiting often accompany diarrhea. At the same time, the main indicators of body condition (temperature, pressure) may remain normal.

First aid

First of all one should begin with activities designed to support normal water-salt balance of the body. Rehydration fluids rich in micronutrients are used for this purpose. But if there is no opportunity to get to a drug store and purchase such stuff, one can prepare a home-made version of it: just dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a liter of water.

In order to restore normal functioning of the stomach a diet that includes roasted vegetables, rusks and black tea is recommended. However, dairy products, fresh fruit, fresh fruit juices and any heavy meals should not be consumed for the time being.

There are also some drugs (like Loperamide) that can effectively reduce the symptoms of diarrhea.

In case of diarrhea with blood no self-treatment is acceptable. Loose stool containing blood may be a sign of serious illness, and requires immediate examination and treatment in the hospital.